Interaction of palladium ions with the skin

B. Santucci, A. Cristaudo, C. Cannistraci, M. Picardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

87 subjects sensitive to both nickel sulfate and palladium-chloride pet., were contemporaneously patch retested to nickel sulfate 5% pet., metallic palladium chloride 1% pet. and to palladium chloride 1% aq. Whilst all subjects reacted to nickel sulfate and palladium chloride pet., only 3 reacted to palladium chloride aq. No positive reactions were found to metallic palladium. The negative results to palladium chloride aq. are probably due to the formation of a new palladium ion (PdCl4)2-, achieved on adding an amount of hydrocloric acid to the aqueous solution of PdCl2. The findings seem to demonstrate that the allergic reaction to palladium depends on the arrangement of the metal electrons. The sensitization to palladium does not seem to be dependent on the element itself but on the complexes formed by the different compounds. The concomitant reactions to nickel and palladium ions could be dependent on the generation of similar complexes between the ions and the skin proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-210
Number of pages4
JournalExperimental Dermatology
Volume4
Issue number4 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Complexes
  • Palladium
  • Transition metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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