Interactions between associative synaptic potentials in the piriform cortex of the in vitro isolated guinea pig brain

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Abstract

The interaction between synaptic potentials generated by the activation of separate sets of associative fibres was investigated in the piriform cortex of an in vitro isolated guinea pig brain preparation. Restricted regions of the piriform cortex served by separate contingents of afferent fibres of the lateral olfactory tract were isolated surgically. The activity generated by these patches of cortex in response to afferent stimulation propagates to remote cortical regions along cortico-cortical associative fibres. Current source density (CSD) analysis of field potential laminar profiles evoked by lateral olfactory tract stimulation confirmed that the synaptic sinks induced by distinct associative fibre contingents converge on the apical dendrites of piriform cortex neurons in the superficial Ib layer. Pairing between potentials evoked by activation of two separate sets of associative fibres resulted in an almost linear summation when the two responses coincided. For interstimulus intervals of <100 ms, heterosynaptic pairing of independent associative inputs induced a facilitation of the conditioned associative potential, which correlated with an increase in the associative sink located in layer Ib, as demonstrated by CSD analysis. The evaluation of the pairing intervals suggests that the heterosynaptic facilitation of the conditioned associative potentials may be due to the summation of local and remote associative synaptic events. It is concluded that separate associative inputs converge on the apical dendrites of piriform cortex pyramidal neurons to generate synaptic potentials through the activation of spatially close but independent synapses. The role of associative synaptic integration in the functional organization of the olfactory cortex is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1350-1357
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Fingerprint

Synaptic Potentials
Guinea Pigs
Olfactory Bulb
Brain
Dendrites
Pyramidal Cells
Evoked Potentials
Synapses
Neurons
Piriform Cortex
In Vitro Techniques

Keywords

  • Current source density
  • Olfactory cortex
  • Synaptic potentials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The interaction between synaptic potentials generated by the activation of separate sets of associative fibres was investigated in the piriform cortex of an in vitro isolated guinea pig brain preparation. Restricted regions of the piriform cortex served by separate contingents of afferent fibres of the lateral olfactory tract were isolated surgically. The activity generated by these patches of cortex in response to afferent stimulation propagates to remote cortical regions along cortico-cortical associative fibres. Current source density (CSD) analysis of field potential laminar profiles evoked by lateral olfactory tract stimulation confirmed that the synaptic sinks induced by distinct associative fibre contingents converge on the apical dendrites of piriform cortex neurons in the superficial Ib layer. Pairing between potentials evoked by activation of two separate sets of associative fibres resulted in an almost linear summation when the two responses coincided. For interstimulus intervals of <100 ms, heterosynaptic pairing of independent associative inputs induced a facilitation of the conditioned associative potential, which correlated with an increase in the associative sink located in layer Ib, as demonstrated by CSD analysis. The evaluation of the pairing intervals suggests that the heterosynaptic facilitation of the conditioned associative potentials may be due to the summation of local and remote associative synaptic events. It is concluded that separate associative inputs converge on the apical dendrites of piriform cortex pyramidal neurons to generate synaptic potentials through the activation of spatially close but independent synapses. The role of associative synaptic integration in the functional organization of the olfactory cortex is discussed.",
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AB - The interaction between synaptic potentials generated by the activation of separate sets of associative fibres was investigated in the piriform cortex of an in vitro isolated guinea pig brain preparation. Restricted regions of the piriform cortex served by separate contingents of afferent fibres of the lateral olfactory tract were isolated surgically. The activity generated by these patches of cortex in response to afferent stimulation propagates to remote cortical regions along cortico-cortical associative fibres. Current source density (CSD) analysis of field potential laminar profiles evoked by lateral olfactory tract stimulation confirmed that the synaptic sinks induced by distinct associative fibre contingents converge on the apical dendrites of piriform cortex neurons in the superficial Ib layer. Pairing between potentials evoked by activation of two separate sets of associative fibres resulted in an almost linear summation when the two responses coincided. For interstimulus intervals of <100 ms, heterosynaptic pairing of independent associative inputs induced a facilitation of the conditioned associative potential, which correlated with an increase in the associative sink located in layer Ib, as demonstrated by CSD analysis. The evaluation of the pairing intervals suggests that the heterosynaptic facilitation of the conditioned associative potentials may be due to the summation of local and remote associative synaptic events. It is concluded that separate associative inputs converge on the apical dendrites of piriform cortex pyramidal neurons to generate synaptic potentials through the activation of spatially close but independent synapses. The role of associative synaptic integration in the functional organization of the olfactory cortex is discussed.

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