Cytosolic sialidase A was extracted from pig brain and purified about 2000-fold with respect to the starting homogenate (about 550-fold relative to the cytosolic fraction). The enzyme preparation provided a single peak on Ultrogel AcA-34 column chromatography and had an apparent molecular weight of 4 · 104. On incubation with micellar ganglioside GT1b, (molecular weight of the micelle, 3.5 ·105) under the conditions used for the enzyme assay, brain cytosolic sialidase A formed two ganglioside-enzyme complexes, I and II, which were isolated and characterized. Complex II had a molecular weight of 4.2 · 105, and a ganglioside/ protein ratio (w/w) of 4:1. This is consistent with a stoichiometric combination of one ganglioside micelle and two enzyme molecules. Complex I was probably a dinier of complex II. In both complexes I and II cytosolic sialidase was completely inactive. Inactivation of cytosolic sialidase by formation of the corresponding complexes was also obtained with gangliosides GD1a and GD1b, which, like GT1b, are potential substrates for the enzyme and GM1, which is resistant to the enzyme action. Therefore, the enzyme becomes inactive after interacting with ganglioside micelles. GT1b-sialidase complexes acted as excellent substrates for free cytosolic sialidase, as did the complexes with GD1a and GD1b.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 9 1985|
- (Pig brain cytosol)
- Enzyme kinetics
- Lipid-protein interaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas