Purpose: To investigate intercenter agreement of brain volume (change) measurement in multiple sclerosis (MS) using structural image evaluation using normalization of atrophy (SIENA) and the cross-sectional version of SIENA (SIENAX) with additional manual editing to correct for inadequate brain extraction. Materials and Methods: Baseline and follow-up T1-weighted MR images of 20 MS patients were dispatched to five centers. Each center performed fully-automated and manually-edited analyses for SIENAX, yielding normalized brain volume (NBV), and SIENA, yielding percentage brain volume change (PBVC). Intercenter agreement was assessed with the concordance correlation coefficient (CCC). Results: Intercenter agreement was perfect for fully automated NBV and PBVC (both CCC = 1.0), and remained substantial upon manual editing (CCC = 0.94 for NBV, CCC = 0.95 for PBVC). Mean NBV values for each center decreased significantly after manual editing (overall mean NBV = 1605.3 cm3 vs. 1651.1 cm3 without manual editing; t = -4.58, P <0.001). Total variance in PBVC decreased significantly by a factor of 1.8 after manual editing (σ2 = 2.82 before, and σ2 = 1.54 after manual editing, P <0.05). Conclusion: Substantial intercenter agreement was found for manually-edited SIENAX and SIENA, suggesting that measurements from multiple centers may be pooled. Manual editing reduces overestimation of NBV, and is likely to increase statistical power for PBVC.
- Brain volume
- Multiple sclerosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology