Interface dermatitis

Elvira Moscarella, Marina Agozzino, Claudia Cavallotti, Marco Ardigò

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The term interface dermatitis refers to those skin dermatoses in which an inflammatory process involves prevalently the dermo-epidermal junction, with injury and even necrosis of the basal cell keratinocytes. These dermatitis can be characterized further as being either vacuolar or showing lichenoid changes [1]. The most common interface dermatitis are characterized by prevalent lymphocytic interface infiltrate and are represented by two wide categories: cell-poor interface dermatitis, when only a sparse and focal infiltrate of inflammatory cells is present along the dermo-epidermal junction (erythema multiformis; autoimmune connective tissue disease, particularly systemic lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, and mixed connective tissue disease; graft-versus-host disease (GVHD); morbiliform viral exanthema; and some drug reactions), or cell rich, which typically occurs as a heavy band-like infiltrate that obscures the basal layers of the epidermis (lichen planus, lichenoid hypersensitivity reactions of drug or contact-based etiology, lichenoid reactions in the setting of hepatobiliary disease, secondary syphilis, and autoimmune CTD) [2].

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReflectance Confocal Microscopy for Skin Diseases
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages391-400
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783642219979, 9783642219962
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Moscarella, E., Agozzino, M., Cavallotti, C., & Ardigò, M. (2012). Interface dermatitis. In Reflectance Confocal Microscopy for Skin Diseases (pp. 391-400). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-21997-9_29