Interfacing brain with computer to improve communication and rehabilitation after brain damage

A. Riccio, F. Pichiorri, F. Schettini, J. Toppi, M. Risetti, R. Formisano, M. Molinari, L. Astolfi, F. Cincotti, D. Mattia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Communication and control of the external environment can be provided via brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) to replace a lost function in persons with severe diseases and little or no chance of recovery of motor abilities (ie, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, brainstem stroke). BCIs allow to intentionally modulate brain activity, to train specific brain functions, and to control prosthetic devices, and thus, this technology can also improve the outcome of rehabilitation programs in persons who have suffered from a central nervous system injury (ie, stroke leading to motor or cognitive impairment). Overall, the BCI researcher is challenged to interact with people with severe disabilities and professionals in the field of neurorehabilitation. This implies a deep understanding of the disabled condition on the one hand, and it requires extensive knowledge on the physiology and function of the human brain on the other. For these reasons, a multidisciplinary approach and the continuous involvement of BCI users in the design, development, and testing of new systems are desirable. In this chapter, we will focus on noninvasive EEG-based systems and their clinical applications, highlighting crucial issues to foster BCI translation outside laboratories to eventually become a technology usable in real-life realm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgress in Brain Research
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages357-387
Number of pages31
Volume228
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameProgress in Brain Research
Volume228
ISSN (Print)00796123
ISSN (Electronic)18757855

Keywords

  • Brain–computer interface
  • Communication
  • EEG
  • Rehabilitation
  • User-centered design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Riccio, A., Pichiorri, F., Schettini, F., Toppi, J., Risetti, M., Formisano, R., Molinari, M., Astolfi, L., Cincotti, F., & Mattia, D. (2016). Interfacing brain with computer to improve communication and rehabilitation after brain damage. In Progress in Brain Research (Vol. 228, pp. 357-387). (Progress in Brain Research; Vol. 228). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.pbr.2016.04.018