We report a novel, unusually severe cytopathic effect of interferon-β (IFN-β). Data concerning antibody neutralization, induction and recovery time course, CPE50 dose, impact on oxidative metabolic activity and 1D SDS-PAGE total cellular protein analysis are provided for preliminary characterization. This cytopathic effect appears to be linked to human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) genome presence as it is markedly evident in the HPV-16-immortalized HPK-IA cell line, but is not induced in diploid keratinocytes. It is also induced in highly malignant SiHa cells suggesting that it also requires a fairly conserved phenotype. This effect is unexpectedly not shared by IFN-α pointing to a discrimination between IFN-α and -β signal despite the well-known sharing of a common receptor. It remains to be clarified whether this divergence, undetectable in other cellular systems, represents a direct effect of viral presence or a non-specific consequence of cellular homoeostatic disregulation induced by the papillomavirus genome.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of General Virology|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
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