Interferon-alpha for maintenance of follicular lymphoma.

Paolo Baldo, Maurizio Rupolo, Anna Compagnoni, Renzo Lazzarini, Alessandra Bearz, Renato Cannizzaro, Simon Spazzapan, Ivana Truccolo, Lorenzo Moja

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, in particular follicular lymphoma (FL), is characterized by multiple remissions and relapses. Several studies have used interferon-alpha (IFN) to control this disease, both as induction and as maintenance therapy. It is not yet clear whether IFN can be associated with a survival benefit although it may prolong progression-free survival. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of IFN in the maintenance therapy of FL. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, Issue 4, 2008), MEDLINE (1966 to 2008), DARE (1990 to 2008), SCOPUS (searched December 2008) and Current Contents (1975 to 2008). . SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of IFN versus no intervention or placebo, or IFN plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone, in a maintenance setting in patients with non-Hodgkin's FL. Primary outcomes were overall survival and progression-free survival. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Three review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. We contacted study authors for additional information. We collected adverse events information from the trials. MAIN RESULTS: We included eight trials (1563 patients). The drug was IFN alfa-2b in six trials and alfa-2a in two. Trials were heterogeneous in terms of diagnosis of FL, using several classification systems. IFN had been compared with placebo/no intervention in five trials and other chemotherapy in three. The effect of IFN was similar to that of placebo on overall survival (hazard ratio (HR) 0.90, 95% CI 0.61 to 1.34) whereas IFN was more effective when added to chemotherapy (HR 0.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.52 to 0.90). Considering IFN versus all comparators, IFN was effective in prolonging progression-free survival (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.77) and overall survival (fixed effects HR 0.79, 95% CI 0.67 to 0.94, I(2) = 52%). After adjustment for heterogeneity this statistically significance disappeared (random effects HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.63 to 1.08). Toxicity and patients lost to follow up were significantly higher in the IFN groups. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that addition of IFN as maintenance therapy for FL improves progression-free survival. A net benefit for overall survival is less evident. In the included studies, IFN was associated with significant toxicities that may have a major impact on a patient's quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Cochrane database of systematic reviews
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Follicular Lymphoma
Interferon-alpha
Maintenance
Disease-Free Survival
Confidence Intervals
Survival
Drug Therapy
Placebos
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Lost to Follow-Up
MEDLINE
Libraries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{53d18e02c0e24da2b6f634d0316a7182,
title = "Interferon-alpha for maintenance of follicular lymphoma.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, in particular follicular lymphoma (FL), is characterized by multiple remissions and relapses. Several studies have used interferon-alpha (IFN) to control this disease, both as induction and as maintenance therapy. It is not yet clear whether IFN can be associated with a survival benefit although it may prolong progression-free survival. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of IFN in the maintenance therapy of FL. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, Issue 4, 2008), MEDLINE (1966 to 2008), DARE (1990 to 2008), SCOPUS (searched December 2008) and Current Contents (1975 to 2008). . SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of IFN versus no intervention or placebo, or IFN plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone, in a maintenance setting in patients with non-Hodgkin's FL. Primary outcomes were overall survival and progression-free survival. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Three review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. We contacted study authors for additional information. We collected adverse events information from the trials. MAIN RESULTS: We included eight trials (1563 patients). The drug was IFN alfa-2b in six trials and alfa-2a in two. Trials were heterogeneous in terms of diagnosis of FL, using several classification systems. IFN had been compared with placebo/no intervention in five trials and other chemotherapy in three. The effect of IFN was similar to that of placebo on overall survival (hazard ratio (HR) 0.90, 95{\%} CI 0.61 to 1.34) whereas IFN was more effective when added to chemotherapy (HR 0.68, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 0.52 to 0.90). Considering IFN versus all comparators, IFN was effective in prolonging progression-free survival (HR 0.66, 95{\%} CI 0.57 to 0.77) and overall survival (fixed effects HR 0.79, 95{\%} CI 0.67 to 0.94, I(2) = 52{\%}). After adjustment for heterogeneity this statistically significance disappeared (random effects HR 0.82, 95{\%} CI 0.63 to 1.08). Toxicity and patients lost to follow up were significantly higher in the IFN groups. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that addition of IFN as maintenance therapy for FL improves progression-free survival. A net benefit for overall survival is less evident. In the included studies, IFN was associated with significant toxicities that may have a major impact on a patient's quality of life.",
author = "Paolo Baldo and Maurizio Rupolo and Anna Compagnoni and Renzo Lazzarini and Alessandra Bearz and Renato Cannizzaro and Simon Spazzapan and Ivana Truccolo and Lorenzo Moja",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
journal = "Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews",
issn = "1361-6137",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interferon-alpha for maintenance of follicular lymphoma.

AU - Baldo, Paolo

AU - Rupolo, Maurizio

AU - Compagnoni, Anna

AU - Lazzarini, Renzo

AU - Bearz, Alessandra

AU - Cannizzaro, Renato

AU - Spazzapan, Simon

AU - Truccolo, Ivana

AU - Moja, Lorenzo

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - BACKGROUND: Indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, in particular follicular lymphoma (FL), is characterized by multiple remissions and relapses. Several studies have used interferon-alpha (IFN) to control this disease, both as induction and as maintenance therapy. It is not yet clear whether IFN can be associated with a survival benefit although it may prolong progression-free survival. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of IFN in the maintenance therapy of FL. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, Issue 4, 2008), MEDLINE (1966 to 2008), DARE (1990 to 2008), SCOPUS (searched December 2008) and Current Contents (1975 to 2008). . SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of IFN versus no intervention or placebo, or IFN plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone, in a maintenance setting in patients with non-Hodgkin's FL. Primary outcomes were overall survival and progression-free survival. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Three review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. We contacted study authors for additional information. We collected adverse events information from the trials. MAIN RESULTS: We included eight trials (1563 patients). The drug was IFN alfa-2b in six trials and alfa-2a in two. Trials were heterogeneous in terms of diagnosis of FL, using several classification systems. IFN had been compared with placebo/no intervention in five trials and other chemotherapy in three. The effect of IFN was similar to that of placebo on overall survival (hazard ratio (HR) 0.90, 95% CI 0.61 to 1.34) whereas IFN was more effective when added to chemotherapy (HR 0.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.52 to 0.90). Considering IFN versus all comparators, IFN was effective in prolonging progression-free survival (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.77) and overall survival (fixed effects HR 0.79, 95% CI 0.67 to 0.94, I(2) = 52%). After adjustment for heterogeneity this statistically significance disappeared (random effects HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.63 to 1.08). Toxicity and patients lost to follow up were significantly higher in the IFN groups. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that addition of IFN as maintenance therapy for FL improves progression-free survival. A net benefit for overall survival is less evident. In the included studies, IFN was associated with significant toxicities that may have a major impact on a patient's quality of life.

AB - BACKGROUND: Indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, in particular follicular lymphoma (FL), is characterized by multiple remissions and relapses. Several studies have used interferon-alpha (IFN) to control this disease, both as induction and as maintenance therapy. It is not yet clear whether IFN can be associated with a survival benefit although it may prolong progression-free survival. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of IFN in the maintenance therapy of FL. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, Issue 4, 2008), MEDLINE (1966 to 2008), DARE (1990 to 2008), SCOPUS (searched December 2008) and Current Contents (1975 to 2008). . SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of IFN versus no intervention or placebo, or IFN plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone, in a maintenance setting in patients with non-Hodgkin's FL. Primary outcomes were overall survival and progression-free survival. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Three review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. We contacted study authors for additional information. We collected adverse events information from the trials. MAIN RESULTS: We included eight trials (1563 patients). The drug was IFN alfa-2b in six trials and alfa-2a in two. Trials were heterogeneous in terms of diagnosis of FL, using several classification systems. IFN had been compared with placebo/no intervention in five trials and other chemotherapy in three. The effect of IFN was similar to that of placebo on overall survival (hazard ratio (HR) 0.90, 95% CI 0.61 to 1.34) whereas IFN was more effective when added to chemotherapy (HR 0.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.52 to 0.90). Considering IFN versus all comparators, IFN was effective in prolonging progression-free survival (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.77) and overall survival (fixed effects HR 0.79, 95% CI 0.67 to 0.94, I(2) = 52%). After adjustment for heterogeneity this statistically significance disappeared (random effects HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.63 to 1.08). Toxicity and patients lost to follow up were significantly higher in the IFN groups. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that addition of IFN as maintenance therapy for FL improves progression-free survival. A net benefit for overall survival is less evident. In the included studies, IFN was associated with significant toxicities that may have a major impact on a patient's quality of life.

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M3 - Article

C2 - 20091564

AN - SCOPUS:77950915790

JO - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

JF - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

SN - 1361-6137

IS - 1

ER -