Regression of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-associated lymphoma with interferon (IFN)-based antiviral treatment supports an etiological link between lymphoma and HCV infection. In addition, a favorable impact of antiviral treatment on overall survival of patients with HCV-related lymphoma has been reported. Data on IFN-free regimens combining direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) in HCV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders are scanty. We analyzed the virological and lymphoproliferative disease response (LDR) of 46 patients with indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and chronic HCV infection treated with DAAs. The histological distribution was 37 marginal zone lymphomas (MZLs), 2 lymphoplasmacytic lymphomas, 2 follicular lymphomas, 4 CLL/small lymphocytic lymphomas (CLL/SLLs), and 1 low-grade NHL not otherwise specified. Thirty-nine patients received a sofosbuvir-based regimen and 7 patients received other DAAs. The median duration of DAA therapy was 12 weeks (range, 6-24 weeks). A sustained virological response at week 12 after finishing DAAs was obtained in 45 patients (98%); the overall LDR rate was 67%, including 12 patients (26%) who achieved a complete response. The LDR rate was 73% among patients with MZL, whereas no response was observed in CLL/SLL patients. Seven patients cleared cryoglobulins out of 15 who were initially positive. After a median follow-up of 8 months, 1-year progression-free and overall survival rates were 75% (95% confidence interval [CI], 51-88] and 98% [95% CI, 86-100], respectively. DAA therapy induces a high LDR rate in HCV-associated indolent lymphomas. These data provide a strong rationale for prospective trials with DAAs in this setting.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology