Interferon inducers increase O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase in the rat liver

Riccardo Bertini, Paolo Coccia, Paolo Pagani, Cristina Marinello, Mario Salmona, Maurizio D'Incalci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated whether treatment with the interferon inducer polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid and other cytokines (interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor) or the cytokine inducer lipopolysaccharide modified O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AT) in rat liver. AT levels were determined in liver extracts using N-[3H]methyl-N-nitrosourea alkylated calf thymus DNA as substrate and an HPLC procedure to measure O6-methylguanine. Doses as low as 0.1 mg/kg i.p. of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid caused a highly significant increase (P <0.01) in AT levels in the liver, evident either 24 or 48 h after treatment. Lipopolysaccharide at the dose of 80 μg/kg i.p. also induced AT whereas interleukin-1 (60 μg/kg) or tumor necrosis factor (60 μg/kg) were inactive. Treatment with human recombinant interferon alpha A/D caused a highly significant increase in AT levels, thus confirming the hypothesis that interferon was probably responsible for the observed effect. These results suggest a link between the immune response and DNA repair mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-183
Number of pages3
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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