Interleukin 1 signaling occurs exclusively via the type I receptor

J. E. Sims, M. A. Gayle, J. L. Slack, M. R. Alderson, T. A. Bird, J. G. Giri, F. Colotta, F. Re, A. Mantovani, K. Shanebeck, K. H. Grabstein, S. K. Dower

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Two receptors for the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 1 (IL-1) have been cloned and characterized biochemically. While it has been well established that the type I (80-kDa) IL-1 receptor can mediate responses to IL-1, the function of the type II (60-kDa) IL-1 receptor has been unknown. In this manuscript we describe experiments designed to ask whether the type II receptor is capable of delivering a biological signal. We have examined two types of experimental situation: responses to IL-1 in cells which express predominantly the type II receptor, and responses to IL-1 which have been suggested previously in the literature to be mediated by type II receptors. In both situations we find that the responses instead are mediated via type I receptors. A blocking antibody against the type II receptor never inhibits, and in fact sometimes enhances, the responses. We conclude that a very small number of type I receptors is sufficient to mediate all of the actions of IL- 1 which we have examined here and that the function of the type II receptor may not be to transduce signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6155-6159
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics


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