Interleukin-10 increases mannose receptor expression and endocytic activity in monocyte-derived dendritic cells

D. Longoni, L. Piemonti, S. Bernasconi, A. Mantovani, P. Allavena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Human monocyte-derived dendritic cells were differentiated in vitro for 7 days with granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor and interleukin-13. These cultured dendritic cells are at an immature stage of differentiation and exhert high endocytic activity via surface mannose receptor and via fluid-phase macropinocytosis. We have investigated the modulation of endocytosis by interleukin-10 in these cells. When added during the last 24 h of the 7-day culture, interleukin-10 significantly stimulated the uptake of fluorescein-labelled dextran (39 ± 16% increase, mean ± SD of 6 experiments), a sugar binding to the mannose receptor. This effect was dose dependent and correlated with the length of exposure to interleukin-10, with a maximal effect (more than seven-fold increase) when the cytokine was added at the beginning of the culture (day 0). The interleukin-10-increased fluorescein-labelled-dextran endocytosis was mostly mediated via the mannose receptor, as unlabelled mannose and specific antimannose receptor monoclonal antibody inhibited most of the uptake. Moreover, interleukin-10-treated cells expressed increased levels (up to four-fold) of mannose receptor. Interleukin-10 also increased, although to a lesser extent, the fluid-phase endocytosis (macropinocytosis) of fluorescein-labelled albumin. Interleukin-10 had the opposite effect on the differentiation and functional activity of monocyte-derived dendritic cells; cells having a very low stimulatory capacity and reduced expression of MHC class II and CD1a after a 7-day exposure. Thus interleukin-10 had a strong immunosuppressive effect on the differentiation and functional activity of monocyte-derived dendritic cells and yet strongly stimulated endocytosis in these cells. We speculate that an increased endocytic activity would eventually result in a decreased availability of antigens in the external milieu, thus contributing to the immunosuppressive and tolerogenic activity of interleukin-10.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-169
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Research
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998

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Keywords

  • Dendritic cells
  • Endocytic activity
  • Interleukin-10
  • Mannose receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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