Interleukin-2 lengthens extrajunctional acetylcholine receptor channel open time in mammalian muscle cells

P. Lorenzon, F. Ruzzier, C. G. Caratsch, A. Giovannelli, F. Velotti, A. Santoni, F. Eusebi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effect of interleukin-2 (rIL-2) on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) was examined on cultured muscle fibres isolated from the flexor digitorum brevis muscle (FDB) of the rat and on aneural mouse cultured C2 myotubes. Intracellular measurement of the sensitivity to iontophoretically applied ACh demonstrated that the sensitivity of the extrajunctional nAChRs in cultured fibres showed a transient increase after application of rIL-2 (2,000-3,000 units/ml). Cell-attached patch-clamp experiments on the same fibres proved that rIL-2 (2,000 units/ml) induces a significant increase in the mean open time of the extrajunctional nAChR channel. The other channel parameters were not significantly modified. The same applied also to aneural mouse patch-clamped C2 myotubes exposed to rIL-2 (2,000 units/ml). In freshly dissociated fibres no effects on nAChR channels were observed following rIL-2 application. 125I-rIL-2 binding experiments on either 7-day cultured or freshly dissociated adult muscle fibres showed that a specific binding with a Kd of 2.07±0.4 nM develops in cultured fibres but fails to occur immediately after dissociation. It is concluded that rIL-2 modulates the duration of extrajunctional nAChR channels in both myotubes and adult muscle cells, and that this effect is probably due to the activation of a second messenger system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-385
Number of pages6
JournalPflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1991


  • C2 myotubes
  • Dissociated muscle fibres
  • Electrophysiology
  • Extrajunctional nAChR
  • Interleukin-2
  • Neuromodulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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