Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a powerful inflammatory mediator, plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Recently, the IL-6 promoter polymorphism, at position -174 (G > C), has been associated to insulin sensitivity although contrasting data have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the IL-6-174 G > C polymorphism on insulin resistance. In 238 type 2 diabetic patients without diabetic complications and in 255 control subjects, age and gender-matched, we evaluated the IL-6 -174 G > C genotype, the IL-6 plasma levels and the insulin resistance by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA). The levels of IL-6 and HOMA were not genotype-dependent and were higher in diabetic patients (p <0.01). Control subjects, both C+ (CG + CC genotypes) and C- (GG genotype) carriers, showed IL-6 plasma levels significantly related to BMI, fasting insulin and HOMA. The same relationships were found in C+ diabetic carriers. Differently, diabetic C- carriers did not show any relationship between IL-6 levels and all the evaluated variables. Interestingly, all the correlations were dependent on BMI. These findings highlight that IL-6-174 G > C polymorphism affects insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes, where C+ carriers have an insulin resistance "IL-6-sensitive", while C- carriers do not. The identification of two categories of diabetic patients may, therefore, lead to different therapeutic strategies in the management of insulin resistance.
- -174 G > C interleukin-6 polymorphism
- Insulin resistance
- Type 2 diabetes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism