Interlobular vasculature in renal transplants: A power Doppler US study with MR correlation

Carlo Martinoli, Giovanni Crespi, Michele Bertolotto, GianAndrea Rollandi, Ilan Rosenberg, Fabio Pretolesi, Lorenzo E. Derchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: To evaluate, with power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US), the normal interlobular vasculature in patients who underwent renal transplantation and to assess if defects of the PD signal at the interlobular level correspond to cortical areas that lack blood perfusion at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two normal and 33 malfunctioning transplanted kidneys were studied with PD US (6.5 MHz). PD images of interlobular vessels were graded on a scale of normal (pattern I) and decreasing visualization. In kidneys with focal (pattern II) and diffuse (pattern III) absence of interlobular signal, correlative dynamic MR imaging was performed. RESULTS: Interlobular vessels were consistently depicted with PD US in the proximal cortex of normally functioning transplanted kidneys. Of kidneys with a pattern II appearance, five had no contrast material enhancement in the cortical sites in which the interlobular PD signal was detected and three were contrast enhanced but it was less intense than that in adjacent cortical sites with normal interlobular vasculature. All transplanted kidneys with a pattern III appearance had delayed contrast enhancement. CONCLUSIONS: Although PD US appears to depict the interlobular vasculature up to the renal capsule, care should be taken in the diagnosis of perfusion defects, since absence of detectable flow at the interlobular level does not always correspond to cortical areas that lack perfusion on MR images.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-117
Number of pages7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1996


  • Kidney, MR
  • Kidney, perfusion
  • Kidney, transplantation
  • Ultrasound (US), Doppler studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


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