Intermittent head drops: The differential spectrum

Elena Antelmi, Giuseppe Plazzi, Roberto Erro, Paolo Tinuper, Bettina Balint, Rocco Liguori, Kailash P. Bhatia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Intermittent Head Drops are episodic head flexion movements that can occur in a number of conditions. Typically, the term has mainly been related to epileptic episodes, but the spectrum of clinical conditions associated with this feature is wide-ranging even if never discussed in detail. By searching the electronic database, we may find that apart from the epileptic conditions, Intermittent Head Drops have been in fact reported in the setting of movement disorders, sleep disorders and even internal medicine disorders, such as Sandifer syndrome. We render an in-depth description of this characteristic phenomenon in different diseases, describing the clinical clues and neurophysiological patterns that may help the clinician to distinguish between the different settings of occurrence.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jun 17 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Surgery
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Intermittent head drops: The differential spectrum'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this