Intermittent kangaroo mother care: A NICU protocol

Riccardo Davanzo, Pierpaolo Brovedani, Laura Travan, Jacqueline Kennedy, Anna Crocetta, Cecilia Sanesi, Tamara Strajn, Angela De Cunto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The practice of kangaroo mother care (KMC) is steadily increasing in high-tech settings due to its proven benefits for both infants and parents. In spite of that, clear guidelines about how to implement this method of care are lacking, and as a consequence, some restrictions are applied in many neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), preventing its practice. Based on recommendations from the Expert Group of the International Network on Kangaroo Mother Care, we developed a hospital protocol in the neonatal unit of the Institute for Maternal and Child Health in Trieste, Italy, a level 3 unit, aimed to facilitate and promote KMC implementation in high-tech settings. Our guideline is therefore proposed, based both on current scientific literature and on practical considerations and experience. Future adjustments and improvements would be considered based on increasing clinical KMC use and further knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-338
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Human Lactation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013


  • breastfeeding
  • kangaroo mother care
  • neonatal intensive care unit
  • preterm
  • protocol
  • skin-to-skin care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Medicine(all)


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