The preliminary results of intraarterial chemotherapy with peptichemio, doxorubicin, and cisplatin as part of a multimodality treatment in locally advanced and recurrent cervical carcinomas are reported. Treatment consisted of a bilateral sequential infusion of peptichemio 20 mg, doxorubicin 10 mg and cisplatin 20 mg in a 6-hour period via an external infusion pump. After a rest period of 4 days, treatment restarted until maximum response or toxicity. Twenty-five patients, 12 with primary advanced (four Stage IIb, eight Stage III) and 13 with recurrent tumors were treated. All previously untreated patients obtained objective response. In particular, two patients with Stage IIb and III disease, respectively, achieved a complete response. Nine of 13 patients with recurrent diseasse (69%) were responsive, too, and therefore an overall objective response rate of 84% was achieved. Responses were noted after a median of five cycles of chemotherapy, whereas hematologic toxicity observed in all but one patient, was encountered after a median of four cycles. Toxicity of grade 1 and 2 was noted in 19 patients (76%), whereas grade 3 and 4 in only 5 (20%). One treatment-related death, due to sepsis during myelosuppression, was reported. Catheter-related toxicity was noted in four patients causing femoral thrombosis in two. In one case a bypass operation was required. After intraarterial chemotherapy, all 21 responsive patients were eligible for radical surgery and 18 (86%) underwent both surgery and postoperative radiation therapy. Surgery was excluded in three patients. In these three cases radiation therapy alone was employed. In this series, the schedule of intraarterial chemotherapy employed was very effective. Patient accrual is ongoing in order to confirm the response rate so far obtained and to evaluate, with a longer follow-up, the impact of this multidisciplinary approach on local control and survival.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research