Internal contamination of a 2-component implant system after occlusal loading and provisionally luted reconstruction with or without a washer device

Lia Rimondini, Carlo Marin, Francesca Brunella, Milena Fini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Microbial internal contamination of oral implants has been suggested as being responsible for inflammatory infiltration of peri-implant tissues at the fixture-abutment interface of 2-stage and 2-component implant systems; it is also considered as a potential source of pathogens. The present in vivo study evaluated contamination of the inner abutment-implant retaining screw, after occlusal loading and provisionally-luted reconstruction with or without a washer device. Methods: Eight 2-component oral implants sealed with an o-ring silicon washer device and 9 without a seal were placed in 7 patients with high oral hygiene standards. Two months after prosthetic reconstruction, crowns and internal screws were removed, and organic and inorganic screw contamination was examined by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis. Results: An amorphous and crystalline contamination, suggestive of calcium and phosphate compounds, was seen on all screw surfaces. Microbial contamination was more frequently observed in the unsealed group. No differences in bacterial morphotypes were observed between the sealed and unsealed implants. Cocci were the most representative morphotypes, while rods were seldom seen. Conclusions: In clinical situations, leakage occurs at the implant-abutment interface, although bacterial contamination is limited in patients with high oral hygiene standards. Contamination may be reduced by using a washer device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1652-1657
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume72
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Dental implants/adverse effects
  • Dental implants/microbiology
  • Dental plaque/microbiology
  • Peri-implant diseases/microbiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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