Interpretability of coronary CT angiography performed with a novel whole-heart coverage high-definition CT scanner in 300 consecutive patients with coronary artery bypass grafts

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Abstract

Aims: Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) is an accurate non-invasive tool for the evaluation of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). However, inability to sustain a long breath-hold, high heart rate (HR) and atrial fibrillation may affect image quality. Moreover, radiation exposure is still a matter of some concern. A scanner combining 0.23-mm spatial resolution, new iterative reconstruction and fast gantry rotation time has been recently introduced in the clinical field. The aims of our study were to evaluate interpretability, radiation exposure and diagnostic accuracy of CCTA performed with the latest generation of cardiac-CT scanners compared to invasive coronary angiography (ICA) in the assessment of bypass grafts, and non-grafted and post-anastomotic native coronary arteries. Methods and results: We prospectively enrolled 300 patients undergoing clinically indicated CCTA with a 16-cm z-axis coverage, 256-detector rows, and 0.28-sec gantry rotation time scanner. Coronary artery and graft interpretability, image quality and effective dose (ED) were assessed in all patients and diagnostic accuracy was evaluated in a subgroup of 100 patients who underwent ICA. Mean HR during the scan was 69.6 ± 10.8. Sinus rhythm was present in 118 patients with HR < 75 bpm and in 112 patients with HR ≥ 75 bpm, while 70 patients had atrial fibrillation. CABG interpretability was 100%. Compared to ICA, CCTA was able to correctly detecting occlusions or significant stenoses of all CABG segments. Overall interpretability of native coronary segments was 95.6%. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of coronary arteries were 98.3%, 97.4%, 93.1%, 99.3% and 96.5%, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy in a patient based analysis was 95.2%. Mean ED was 3.14 ± 1.7 mSv. Conclusions: The novel whole-heart coverage CT scanner allows to evaluating CABG and native coronary arteries with excellent interpretability and low radiation exposure even in the presence of unfavorable heart rhythm.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • coronary artery bypass graft
  • Coronary CT angiography
  • high heart rate
  • native coronary arteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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