Interventional musculoskeletal US: An update on materials and methods

Guido Robotti, Maria Grazia Canepa, Chandra Bortolotto, Ferdinando Draghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pain is one of the most common causes of reduced productivity. The annual cost of health-related reductions in productivity has been estimated at approximately 225 billion dollars in the United States alone. Ultrasound-guided locoregional infiltration procedures have frequently been shown to offer economical, effective, lasting relief of pain. In-depth familiarity with the equipment (probes and needles) and techniques used to perform these procedures are fundamental for safe, effective treatment. In fact, depending on the characteristics of the patient and the clinical problem, the approach and technique may have to be modified to simplify the procedure and ensure better results. Up-to-date knowledge of the drugs used for these infiltrations (indications, how they are used) is equally important. Our aim is to provide an update on the techniques and materials used in interventional musculoskeletal ultrasonography based on a review of the most recent literature as well as on our personal experience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-55
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Ultrasound
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013


  • Interventional ultrasonography
  • Musculoskeletal pain
  • Pain management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Internal Medicine


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