Intra and post-operative complications of esophageal achalasia

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Aim: To evaluate and discuss all the potential complications affecting morbidity of patients treated with surgery for primary achalasia. Material of Study: A review of the available English literature published to date has been conducted. All articles reporting surgical experience in achalasia were examined and then were selected only those specifically inherent to the topic at issue. Results: Mucosal perforation is the main intra-operative complication while persistence or recurrence of the disease and gastroesophageal reflux are those mostly affecting patients afterwards, even at long-term follow-up. A few other less common morbidities, as well as the technical considerations useful to minimize and manage each complication mentioned are reported. Discussion: Minimally invasive surgery for achalasia consent to treat patients with a low rate of perioperative complications that can be managed with conservative approach in the majority of cases. Risk of esophageal cancer exists in these patients and remains although surgical therapy. Conclusions: Laparoscopic Heller myotomy along with partial fundoplication is a safe and effective procedure that should be considered as the treatment of choice at first evaluation of achalasic patients rather than endoscopic techniques. Robotic technology may add further contribution in diminishing perioperative complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-530
Number of pages7
JournalAnnali Italiani di Chirurgia
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Achalasia
  • Complication
  • Heller esophagomyotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)


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