Intracellular Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase levels in T and non-T cells from normal aged subjects

B. Grigolo, R. M. Borzì, E. Mariani, M. C G Monaco, L. Cattini, T. Porstmann, A. Facchini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The decreased immune response associated with aging may, in part, reflect intrinsic age-related biochemical alteration in lymphocytes from older subjects. The 'reactive oxygen species hypothesis' of aging postulates that these molecules are involved in the modifications leading to cellular senescence. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), and in particular the Cu/Zn-dependent intracellular form, plays a critical role in the defense against these species, but it is controversial whether this function declines in lymphocytes in old age. We utilized two different methods to evaluate Cu/Zn SOD levels in T and non-T cells (CD3+, CD3-, CD4+, CD8+, CD16+) from young and old individuals: a specific and sensitive enzyme immunoassay performed on extracts of sorted cells, and a flow cytometry double fluorescence technique with monoclonal antibodies against Cu/Zn SOD and the different lymphocyte subsets. The Cu/Zn SOD cell content was assayed both in basal conditions and after peripheral blood lymphocyte stimulation with Concanavalin A, anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody and phorbol myristate acetate. In basal conditions, and considering the various subsets, no differences were found between young and old individuals, although data analysis revealed and low responders in both groups. Taking all the subjects together, higher levels of this enzyme were found in CD3+ T lymphocytes, in particular in the CD4+ cells. After peripheral blood lymphocyte stimulation, Cu/Zn SOD concentration was higher than levels in unstimulated cells, both in young and old individuals, and particularly using Concanavalin A with respect to anti-CD3 and phorbol myristate acetate. In conclusion, the synthesis of Cu/Zn SOD does not seem to be affected by aging in proliferating cells. The highest levels of Cu/Zn SOD present in CD4+ cells, both from young and old individuals, may prevent the oxidant stress of these elements which play a major role in the inflammation sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-37
Number of pages11
JournalMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Lymphocytes
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Biochemistry
  • Developmental Biology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

Cite this