Intracellular redox signaling as therapeutic target for novel antiviral strategy

Lucia Nencioni, Rossella Sgarbanti, Donatella Amatore, Paola Checconi, Ignacio Celestino, Dolores Limongi, Simona Anticoli, Anna Teresa Palamara, Enrico Garaci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species play complex roles in the physiological regulation of cell metabolism and in many disease processes as well, including viral infections. Viral replication occurs within living cells and is totally dependent on its host's biosynthetic machinery. Many intracellular signaling pathways exploited by viruses for their own replication are regulated by the oxidoreductive (redox) state of the host cell. Consequently, factors that alter the balance between reactive oxygen/nitrogen species and antioxidant molecules/enzymes-including metabolic conditions like malnutrition, obesity, and diabetes-can influence cells' susceptibility to viral infection, the efficiency of viral replication, and as a result the progression and severity of virus-induced diseases. This review examines the ways in which the host-cell redox state affect viral replication and the actual potential of antioxidants to combat viral infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3898-3904
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Pharmaceutical Design
Volume17
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Metabolism
  • Oxidative stress
  • Redox state
  • Viral infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Intracellular redox signaling as therapeutic target for novel antiviral strategy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this