It has been shown that calcium carbonate (CaCO3) is an effective phosphate binder which is less toxic than Al(OH)3. However, given that its use with standard calcium dialysate (CaD) levels may lead to hypercalcemia, a decrease in CaD levels has been proposed. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the acute clinical and biochemical consequences of a lowering of CaD in HD patients. Dialysate composition was otherwise the same. (1) Blood pressure levels (BP) during short hemodialysis were measured in a group of 12 patients who underwent alternate hemodialyses with dialysate calcium of 1.75 and 1.25 mmol/l. (2) Ca2+ and PTH kinetics during short hemodialysis were studied in a group of 6 patients who were sequentially treated with 1.75 and 1.25 mmol/l CaD. The results show: (1) that cardiovascular stability in chronic HD patients during short HD sessions with low CaD (LCaD) may be good; (2) that a single treatment with standard CaD (SCaD) produces positive calcium balances (JCa2+) with Ca2+ plasma increase and PTHi inhibition at the end of HD sessions; during HD with LCaD there were neutral mean JCa2+ and no changes in post-dialysis mean Ca2+ and PTHi plasma levels; furthermore 2 patients showed a small PTHi increase during HD with LCaD and neutral JCa2+ because of a high positive bicarbonate balance during HD. In conclusion, as with several aspects of dialysis treatment, dialysate calcium levels should also be individualized to avoid hypercalcemic crises or PTHi stimulation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1996|
- Intradialytic calcium balances
- Intradialytic parathormone levels
- Standard and low calcium dialysate concentrations
ASJC Scopus subject areas