Intrajejunal levodopa infusion in advanced Parkinson's disease: Long-term effects on motor and non-motor symptoms and impact on patient's and caregiver's quality of life

A. Fasano, L. Ricciardi, F. Lena, A. R. Bentivoglio, N. Modugno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Continuous infusion of intrajejunal levodopa/carbidopa gel (CIILG) for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) has been proved to be beneficial on motor complications, non-motor symptoms and quality of life in the short-term follow-up. Aim of this two-center, retrospective, open-label study was to evaluate the long-term effect of CIILG on patients' condition and caregivers' quality of life. Materials and Methods: The assessments (performed at baseline and at latest follow-up available after CIILG) included: the unified PD rating scale (UPDRS I-IV), the non-motor symptoms scale (NMSS), the PD questionnaire (PDQ-8), the PD sleep scale (PDSS), and a battery assessing the cognitive and psychiatric status as well as caregiver's quality of life. Medications were expressed as levodopa equivalent daily dose (LEDD). Results: 14 advanced PD patients (age: 67.0±11.5 years, disease duration: 12.9±4.8 years) were followed for 24.9±14.4 months after CIILG. Total LEDD was unchanged at follow-up, however therapy was globally simplified by reducing dopamine agonists (DAs). A statistically significant beneficial effect was shown on motor complications while the severity of motor symptoms did not change over time. A significant improvement of depressive symptoms and psychiatric side effects caused by DAs was detected. Sleep quality and diurnal somnolence ameliorated as revealed by the significant reduction of PDDS. Caregivers' stress and patients' quality of life were not significantly improved. However, when categorized according to their outcome, patients with improvement of motor condition and functionality gained an improvement of quality of life. Apart from the severity of motor impairment at baseline, no other predicting factors were detected. Conclusions: CIILG is an effective treatment option for patients with advanced PD over the long-term period as it may improve both the motor complications and the psychiatric side effects caused by other dopaminergic therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-89
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Caregiver
  • Intrajejunal levodopa
  • Non-motor symptoms
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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