Intramedullary osteosynthesis for metaphyseal and diaphyseal humeral fractures in developmental age

Filippo M. Sénès, Nunzio Catena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diaphyseal and metaphyseal fractures of the humerus are relatively frequent in children. The treatment is often conservative, even in the case of displaced fractures for the high rate of spontaneous recovery of these fractures. The limits of nonsurgical treatment and its applications as well as the type of surgical treatment are controversial issues in the literature. The aim of this study is to review a series of metaphyseal and diaphyseal fractures of the humerus treated with intramedullary osteosynthesis, to discuss the results obtained and the problems found, and to propose some parameters that should be taken into account to choose the most appropriate osteosynthesis. The retrospective study was performed on a group of 105 proximal and distal metaphyseal fractures and of displaced diaphyseal fractures of the humerus (excluding epiphyseal trauma, supracondylar fractures, and pathologic fractures) treated from 2001 to 2005. Out of a total of 105 patients, only 22 had fracture reduction under anesthesia, followed by intramedullary osteosynthesis; in 11 cases, intramedullary osteosynthesis was performed using Kirschner wires and in the remaining 11 elastic nails were used. In all treated patients, fracture healing was achieved. In the patients treated with Kirschner wires, no complications were observed, whereas in the patients treated with intramedullary nails, there were three cases with involvement of the skin and subcutaneous layers at the nail insertion site and one case of temporary paralysis of the radial nerve disappearing spontaneously after 2 months. Considering the results obtained and the low number of technique-related complications (low anesthesiologic and infectious risk), we can conclude that intramedullary osteosynthesis is a simple, safe, and rapid method suitable at any age in childhood. Level of evidence: level IV

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-304
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Fingerprint

Humeral Fractures
Humerus
Nails
Bone Wires
Spontaneous Fractures
Radial Nerve
Fracture Fixation
Fracture Healing
Paralysis
Therapeutics
Anesthesia
Retrospective Studies
Skin
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • elastic nails
  • humeral shaft fracture children
  • intramedullary osteosynthesis
  • Kirschner wires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Intramedullary osteosynthesis for metaphyseal and diaphyseal humeral fractures in developmental age. / Sénès, Filippo M.; Catena, Nunzio.

In: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B, Vol. 21, No. 4, 07.2012, p. 300-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e92ef9def0884fbfb0d8a18ac80513da,
title = "Intramedullary osteosynthesis for metaphyseal and diaphyseal humeral fractures in developmental age",
abstract = "Diaphyseal and metaphyseal fractures of the humerus are relatively frequent in children. The treatment is often conservative, even in the case of displaced fractures for the high rate of spontaneous recovery of these fractures. The limits of nonsurgical treatment and its applications as well as the type of surgical treatment are controversial issues in the literature. The aim of this study is to review a series of metaphyseal and diaphyseal fractures of the humerus treated with intramedullary osteosynthesis, to discuss the results obtained and the problems found, and to propose some parameters that should be taken into account to choose the most appropriate osteosynthesis. The retrospective study was performed on a group of 105 proximal and distal metaphyseal fractures and of displaced diaphyseal fractures of the humerus (excluding epiphyseal trauma, supracondylar fractures, and pathologic fractures) treated from 2001 to 2005. Out of a total of 105 patients, only 22 had fracture reduction under anesthesia, followed by intramedullary osteosynthesis; in 11 cases, intramedullary osteosynthesis was performed using Kirschner wires and in the remaining 11 elastic nails were used. In all treated patients, fracture healing was achieved. In the patients treated with Kirschner wires, no complications were observed, whereas in the patients treated with intramedullary nails, there were three cases with involvement of the skin and subcutaneous layers at the nail insertion site and one case of temporary paralysis of the radial nerve disappearing spontaneously after 2 months. Considering the results obtained and the low number of technique-related complications (low anesthesiologic and infectious risk), we can conclude that intramedullary osteosynthesis is a simple, safe, and rapid method suitable at any age in childhood. Level of evidence: level IV",
keywords = "elastic nails, humeral shaft fracture children, intramedullary osteosynthesis, Kirschner wires",
author = "S{\'e}n{\`e}s, {Filippo M.} and Nunzio Catena",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1097/BPB.0b013e328353d96d",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "300--304",
journal = "Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B",
issn = "1060-152X",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intramedullary osteosynthesis for metaphyseal and diaphyseal humeral fractures in developmental age

AU - Sénès, Filippo M.

AU - Catena, Nunzio

PY - 2012/7

Y1 - 2012/7

N2 - Diaphyseal and metaphyseal fractures of the humerus are relatively frequent in children. The treatment is often conservative, even in the case of displaced fractures for the high rate of spontaneous recovery of these fractures. The limits of nonsurgical treatment and its applications as well as the type of surgical treatment are controversial issues in the literature. The aim of this study is to review a series of metaphyseal and diaphyseal fractures of the humerus treated with intramedullary osteosynthesis, to discuss the results obtained and the problems found, and to propose some parameters that should be taken into account to choose the most appropriate osteosynthesis. The retrospective study was performed on a group of 105 proximal and distal metaphyseal fractures and of displaced diaphyseal fractures of the humerus (excluding epiphyseal trauma, supracondylar fractures, and pathologic fractures) treated from 2001 to 2005. Out of a total of 105 patients, only 22 had fracture reduction under anesthesia, followed by intramedullary osteosynthesis; in 11 cases, intramedullary osteosynthesis was performed using Kirschner wires and in the remaining 11 elastic nails were used. In all treated patients, fracture healing was achieved. In the patients treated with Kirschner wires, no complications were observed, whereas in the patients treated with intramedullary nails, there were three cases with involvement of the skin and subcutaneous layers at the nail insertion site and one case of temporary paralysis of the radial nerve disappearing spontaneously after 2 months. Considering the results obtained and the low number of technique-related complications (low anesthesiologic and infectious risk), we can conclude that intramedullary osteosynthesis is a simple, safe, and rapid method suitable at any age in childhood. Level of evidence: level IV

AB - Diaphyseal and metaphyseal fractures of the humerus are relatively frequent in children. The treatment is often conservative, even in the case of displaced fractures for the high rate of spontaneous recovery of these fractures. The limits of nonsurgical treatment and its applications as well as the type of surgical treatment are controversial issues in the literature. The aim of this study is to review a series of metaphyseal and diaphyseal fractures of the humerus treated with intramedullary osteosynthesis, to discuss the results obtained and the problems found, and to propose some parameters that should be taken into account to choose the most appropriate osteosynthesis. The retrospective study was performed on a group of 105 proximal and distal metaphyseal fractures and of displaced diaphyseal fractures of the humerus (excluding epiphyseal trauma, supracondylar fractures, and pathologic fractures) treated from 2001 to 2005. Out of a total of 105 patients, only 22 had fracture reduction under anesthesia, followed by intramedullary osteosynthesis; in 11 cases, intramedullary osteosynthesis was performed using Kirschner wires and in the remaining 11 elastic nails were used. In all treated patients, fracture healing was achieved. In the patients treated with Kirschner wires, no complications were observed, whereas in the patients treated with intramedullary nails, there were three cases with involvement of the skin and subcutaneous layers at the nail insertion site and one case of temporary paralysis of the radial nerve disappearing spontaneously after 2 months. Considering the results obtained and the low number of technique-related complications (low anesthesiologic and infectious risk), we can conclude that intramedullary osteosynthesis is a simple, safe, and rapid method suitable at any age in childhood. Level of evidence: level IV

KW - elastic nails

KW - humeral shaft fracture children

KW - intramedullary osteosynthesis

KW - Kirschner wires

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862203352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862203352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/BPB.0b013e328353d96d

DO - 10.1097/BPB.0b013e328353d96d

M3 - Article

C2 - 22555378

AN - SCOPUS:84862203352

VL - 21

SP - 300

EP - 304

JO - Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B

JF - Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B

SN - 1060-152X

IS - 4

ER -