Intraoperative Moderate Acute Norvolemic Hemodilution Associated with a Comprehensive Blood-Sparing Protocol in Off-Pump Coronary Surgery

Valter Casati, Stefano Benussi, Luca Sandrelli, Maria Antonietta Grasso, Salvatore Spagnolo, Armando D'Angelo

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We evaluated the blood-sparing effects of intraoperative moderate acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) combined with intraoperative tranexamic add treatment and shed blood reinfusion in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). One-hundred consecutive OPCAB patients (baseline hematocrit >34%) were prospectively randomized to tranexamic acid treatment (control group; 50 patients) or to tranexamic acid treatment plus normovolemic (1:1 replacement with colloids) withdrawal of 17% ± 2% of the circulating blood volume (ANH group; 50 patients). All patients had shed blood reinfused with intraoperative bleeding in excess of 250 mL. The requirement for allogeneic transfusions, based on strict a priori defined criteria, was the primary end point of the study. Hematochemical evaluations, bleeding, major complications, and other outcomes were also recorded. Demographics, baseline hematochemical data, and operative characteristics were similar in the two groups. Patients in the ANH group had a median of 850 mL of blood withdrawn and showed a lower intraoperative minimum hematocrit (31% vs 37%; P <0.0001). Two patients in the ANH group versus 10 patients in the control group (odds ratio, 0.17; 95% confidence interval, 0.03-0.89; P = 0.028) required transfusion of a significantly smaller number of packed red blood cell units (5 vs 24; P <0.001). Postoperative hematochemical variables, bleeding, and outcomes were similar in the two groups of patients. Moderate ANH, combined with tranexamic acid administration and on-demand shed blood reinfusion, may reduce allogeneic transfusion requirements in OPCAB patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1217-1223
Number of pages7
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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