Intrapulmonary drug administration in neonatal and paediatric critical care: A comprehensive review

D. De Luca, P. Cogo, E. Zecca, M. Piastra, D. Pietrini, A. Tridente, G. Conti, V. P. Carnielli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Administration of drugs directly into the respiratory tree first was proposed a long time ago. Surfactant is the paradigmatic example of such therapies. Many other drugs have been used in the same way and further compounds are under investigation for this aim. In the last two decades, despite the wide number of drugs available for direct lung administration in critical care patients, few controlled data exist regarding their use in neonates and infants. This review will focus on drugs clinically available in a critical care setting for neonates and infants, including bronchodilators, pulmonary vasodilators, anti-inflammatory agents, mucolytics, resuscitative anti-infective agents, surfactants and other drugs. We provide an evidence-based comprehensive review of drugs available for intratracheal administration in paediatric and neonatal critical care and we examine possible advantages and risks for each proposed indication. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-689
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2011


  • Critical care
  • Infant
  • Inhaled drug

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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