Intratumoral vs systemic administration of meta-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin for photodynamic therapy of malignant gliomas: Assessment of uptake and spatial distribution in C6 rat glioma model

Stefano Mannino, A. Molinari, G. Sabatino, S. A. Ciafrè, M. Colone, G. Maira, C. Anile, G. Arancia, A. Mangiola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Malignant gliomas, with an incidence of 5 cases per 100,000 population per year, represent the most common primary brain tumour. They have an overall survival length of less than 2 years. Many different adjuvant therapies have been developed. Among them, Photodynamic Therapy (PDT), that is based on photochemical reactions between light and tumoral tissue selectively labelled with exogenous photosensitizing agents. Among photosensitizers, m-THPC (Temoporfin), seems to be the most promising one for the treatment of brain tumors, but, unfortunately, it causes problems of high skin photosensitivity. To by-pass this problem, we devised an intratumoral route of administration of this photosensitizer. The aim of this study is to investigate and compare the uptake of m-THPC in brain tumor and normal tissue after systemic and intratumoral administration of the drug. 30 female Wistar rats received m-THPC 12 days after C6 tumor implantation. Temoporfin was administered intratumorally in 24 rats at two different concentrations. 6 rats constituted the control group and received m-THPC by means of an intraperitoneal injection. The brains were extracted at 4 h, 24 h and 96 h after Temoporfin injection. The samples were examined with a confocal laser scanning microscope. All samples showed high fluorescence emission exclusively in the tumour area, without appreciable differences between the samples taken at the different times of sacrifice and the two routes of administration. No fluorescence whatsoever was detected among normal brain tissue surrounding the tumour. The intratumoral route appears to give comparable results to the systemic one, regarding intracellular uptake efficiency and tumour - normal tissue ratio, with the advantage of a much shorter time needed to reach optimal intratumoural concentration - that is just four hours from m-THPC injection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-231
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Volume21
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Foscan
  • Glioma
  • Intumoral
  • m-THPC
  • PDT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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