Intravascular lymphoma of the CNS

Maurilio Ponzoni, Jon Glass, Emanuele Zucca

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Intravascular lymphoma is a rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by almost exclusive growth of neoplastic large lymphocytes within blood vessel lumina. Intravascular lymphoma is morphologically characterized in most instances by a B-cell phenotype, although rare cases with T- or NK-cell phenotype have been reported. This lymphoma is an aggressive and usually disseminated disease that predominantly affects elderly patients, resulting in poor performance status, B-symptoms, anemia, and a high serum lactate dehydrogenase level. The brain and skin are the most commonly involved sites. The usually disappointing survival after conventional chemotherapy has been recently improved by the introduction of immunotherapy (anti-CD20 antibody, rituximab). Differences in clinical presentation exist, mainly due to the association of IVL with the hemophagocytic syndrome. Intensive chemotherapy combinations containing drugs with higher central nervous system bioavailability are needed in cases with brain involvement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLymphoma and Leukemia of the Nervous System
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages231-242
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781441976680, 9781441976673
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ponzoni, M., Glass, J., & Zucca, E. (2012). Intravascular lymphoma of the CNS. In Lymphoma and Leukemia of the Nervous System (pp. 231-242). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/9781441976680_14