Intravascular ultrasound insights into plaque composition

F. Prati, E. Arbustini, A. Labellarte, B. Dal Bello, M. T. Mallus, L. Sommariva, A. Pagano, A. Boccanelli

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Abstract

Previous studies correlating histomorphology with 20-30 MHz-derived intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images showed that IVUS provides to some extent qualitative information on plaque composition. IVUS imaging proved to define calcifications with high sensitivity and specificity but was found to be less accurate in the assessment of soft components. Nevertheless previous studies on atherosclerotic plaque characterization were limited by use of low-frequency transducers that did not define accurately soft components. Our goal was to test the effectiveness of high frequency IVUS transducers in the identification of lipid/necrotic pools in atherosclerotic plaques. Methods: Forty MHz transducers were used for in vitro IVUS assessment of 12 arterial segments (10 coronary arteries and 2 carotid arteries dissected from 5 different autopsy cases). IVUS acquisition was performed at a 0.5 mm/s speed after ligature of the branching points to generate a closed system. Lipid necrotic areas were defined by IVUS as large echolucent intraplaque areas surrounded by tissue with higher echodensity. To obtain histopathologic sections corresponding to IVUS cross sections, vessels were divided into consecutive 3 mm-long segments using the most distal recorded IVUS image as the starting reference. Then, samples were fixed with 10 % buffered formalin, processed for histopathologic study, serially cut, and stained with the Movat penthacrome method. Results: One hundred twenty-two sections were analyzed. Lipid pools were observed by histology in 30 cross sections (25 %). IVUS revealed the presence of lipid pools in 19 of 122 cross sections with a sensitivity and specificity of 67 % and 94 %, respectively. Conclusions: High frequency transducers accurately identify lipid/necrotic pools and open new perspectives on future IVUS characterization of atherosclerotic plaques.

Original languageEnglish
JournalZeitschrift fur Kardiologie
Volume89
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Intravascular ultrasound
  • Plaque tissue characterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Prati, F., Arbustini, E., Labellarte, A., Dal Bello, B., Mallus, M. T., Sommariva, L., Pagano, A., & Boccanelli, A. (2000). Intravascular ultrasound insights into plaque composition. Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie, 89(SUPPL. 2).