Intravenous and subcutaneous administration of desmopressin (DDAVP) to hemophiliacs: Pharmacokinetics and factor VIII responses

P. M. Mannucci, V. Vicente, I. Alberca, E. Sacchi, G. Longo, A. S. Harris, A. Lindquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

When desmopressin (DDAVP) is given to mild and moderate hemophiliacs intravenously (i.v.) or subcutaneously (s.c.), there is a very large between-patient variability for peak levels of factor VIII coagulant activity (VIII:C). To evaluate whether or not between-patient variability is related to DDAVP levels achieved in plasma, we measured drug levels in 14 hemophilic volunteers (VIII:C 2 to 31 U/dL) who were randomly given 0.3 ug/Kg of i.v. or s.c. DDAVP and crossed-over to the other treatment after an interval of 15-30 days. Peak DDAVP levels (C(max)) were higher for i.v. DDAVP (p <0.02), times to peak levels (t(max)) were shorter for i.v. DDAVP (p <0.001). There was no difference between the i.v. and s.c. routes for plasma DDAVP time curve (AUC) and half-life (t( 1/2 )), but there was much larger variability for pharmacokinetic parameters with i.v. than with s.c. DDAVP. Post-DDAVP VIII:C increased 3.4 ± 1.6 fold (i.v.) and 3.3 ± 1.3 fold (s.c.) over baseline levels, with no significant correlation between peak VIII:C and DDAVP levels for either route of administration. These findings establish the s.c. route of DDAVP administration to be bioequivalent in effect to the i.v. route, albeit with less variability. At the DDAVP dosage used in this study and currently recommended for therapy, the VIII:C response is neither a function of the rate of absorption of the compound nor of the magnitude of its plasma concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1039
Number of pages3
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume58
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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