Intravenous infusion of human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells promotes functional recovery and neuroplasticity after ischemic stroke in mice

Eliana Sammali, Claudia Alia, Gloria Vegliante, Valentina Colombo, Nadia Giordano, Francesca Pischiutta, Giorgio B Boncoraglio, Mario Barilani, Lorenza Lazzari, Matteo Caleo, Maria-Grazia De Simoni, Giuseppe Gaipa, Giuseppe Citerio, Elisa R Zanier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Transplantation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (hBM-MSC) promotes functional recovery after stroke in animal models, but the mechanisms underlying these effects remain incompletely understood. We tested the efficacy of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) compliant hBM-MSC, injected intravenously 3.5 hours after injury in mice subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAo). We addressed whether hBM-MSC are efficacious and if this efficacy is associated with cortical circuit reorganization using neuroanatomical analysis of GABAergic neurons (parvalbumin; PV-positive cells) and perineuronal nets (PNN), a specialized extracellular matrix structure which acts as an inhibitor of neural plasticity. tMCAo mice receiving hBM-MSC, showed early and lasting improvement of sensorimotor and cognitive functions compared to control tMCAo mice. Furthermore, 5 weeks post-tMCAo, hBM-MSC induced a significant rescue of ipsilateral cortical neurons; an increased proportion of PV-positive neurons in the perilesional cortex, suggesting GABAergic interneurons preservation; and a lower percentage of PV-positive cells surrounded by PNN, indicating an enhanced plastic potential of the perilesional cortex. These results show that hBM-MSC improve functional recovery and stimulate neuroprotection after stroke. Moreover, the downregulation of "plasticity brakes" such as PNN suggests that hBM-MSC treatment stimulates plasticity and formation of new connections in the perilesional cortex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6962
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 31 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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