Intravenous Levetiracetam as first-line treatment of status epilepticus in the elderly

J. Fattouch, C. Di Bonaventura, S. Casciato, F. Bonini, S. Petrucci, L. Lapenta, M. Manfredi, M. Prencipe, A. T. Giallonardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background-Status epilepticus is a condition of prolonged/repetitive seizures that often occurs in the elderly. Treatment in the elderly can be complicated by serious side effects associated with traditional drugs. Objective-The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the short-term efficacy/safety of intravenously administered LEV (IVLEV) as the treatment of choice for SE in the elderly. Methods-We enrolled nine elderly patients (five female/four male; median age 78 years) with SE. Two patients had a previous diagnosis of epilepsy; in the remaining seven, SE was symptomatic. SE was convulsive in five and non-convulsive in four. All the patients presented concomitant medical conditions (arrhythmias/respiratory distress/hepatic diseases). As the traditional therapy for SE was considered unsafe, IVLEV was used as first-line therapy (loading dose of 1500 mg/100 ml/15 min, mean maintenance daily dose of 2500 mg/24 h) administered during video-EEG monitoring. Results/conclusions-In all the patients but one, IVLEV was effective in the treatment of SE and determined either the disappearance of (7/8), or significant reduction in (1/8), epileptic activity; no patient relapsed in the subsequent 24 h. No adverse events or changes in the ECG/laboratory parameters were observed. These data suggest that IVLEV may be an effective/safe treatment for SE in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-421
Number of pages4
JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica
Volume121
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Intravenous Levetiracetam
  • Status epilepticus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Intravenous Levetiracetam as first-line treatment of status epilepticus in the elderly'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this