Intravenous levetiracetam terminates refractory status epilepticus in two patients with migrating partial seizures in infancy

Maria Roberta Cilio, Roberto Bianchi, Martina Balestri, Alfredo Onofri, Simona Giovannini, Matteo Di Capua, Federico Vigevano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of intravenous (IV) levetiracetam in refractory status epilepticus of migrating partial seizures in infancy (MPSI). Methods: IV levetiracetam was infused in two infants, first as a loading dose of 60 mg/kg in 30 min, then at 30 mg/kg twice a day. Both infants were continuously monitored with video-EEG before, during and after the drug trial. Blood count, liver enzymes, serum creatinine, ammonia and lactate blood levels were performed repeatedly before and after the IV levetiracetam administration. Follow-up was of 16 and 10 months. Results: EEG monitoring allowed the diagnosis of MPSI, showing the typical seizures pattern in both patients. IV levetiracetam was effective in stopping status epilepticus in both infants. Levetiracetam also prevented the recurrence of status epilepticus during follow-up. No adverse reactions were observed during the infusion phase or during follow-up. Conclusions: MPSI is a newly recognized epileptic syndrome characterized by early onset of intractable partial seizures arisingly independently and sequentially from both hemispheres, migrating from one region of the brain to another and from one hemisphere to another. We report the efficacy of intravenous levetiracetam in resolving refractory status epilepticus in two infants with this new epilepsy syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-71
Number of pages6
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • EEG
  • Infancy
  • Levetiracetam
  • Migrating seizures
  • Status epilepticus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Intravenous levetiracetam terminates refractory status epilepticus in two patients with migrating partial seizures in infancy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this