Purpose: To assess early microstructural changes of meningiomas treated with proton therapy through quantitative analysis of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) parameters. Methods: Seventeen subjects with meningiomas that were eligible for proton therapy treatment were retrospectively enrolled. Each subject underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including DWI sequences and IVIM assessments at baseline, immediately before the 1st (t0), 10th (t10), 20th (t20), and 30th (t30) treatment fraction and at follow-up. Manual tumor contours were drawn on T2-weighted images by two expert neuroradiologists and then rigidly registered to DWI images. Median values of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), true diffusion (D), pseudo-diffusion (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) were extracted at all timepoints. Statistical analysis was performed using the pairwise Wilcoxon test. Results: Statistically significant differences from baseline to follow-up were found for ADC, D, and D* values, with a progressive increase in ADC and D in conjunction with a progressive decrease in D*. MRI during treatment showed statistically significant differences in D values between t0 and t20 (p = 0.03) and t0 and t30 (p = 0.02), and for ADC values between t0 and t20 (p = 0.04), t10 and t20 (p = 0.02), and t10 and t30 (p = 0.035). Subjects that showed a volume reduction greater than 15% of the baseline tumor size at follow-up showed early D changes, whereas ADC changes were not statistically significant. Conclusion: IVIM appears to be a useful tool for detecting early microstructural changes within meningiomas treated with proton therapy and may potentially be able to predict tumor response.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine