Intravoxel incoherent motion as a tool to detect early microstructural changes in meningiomas treated with proton therapy

Andrea Franconeri, Simone Sacco, Maria Vittoria Raciti, Alessia Maggi, Shaun Ivan Muzic, Sara Imparato, Lisa Farina, Ana Bacila, Chiara Paganelli, Giulia Buizza, Giulia Fontana, Guido Baroni, Giulia Riva, Alberto Iannalfi, Ester Orlandi, Lorenzo Preda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To assess early microstructural changes of meningiomas treated with proton therapy through quantitative analysis of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) parameters. Methods: Seventeen subjects with meningiomas that were eligible for proton therapy treatment were retrospectively enrolled. Each subject underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including DWI sequences and IVIM assessments at baseline, immediately before the 1st (t0), 10th (t10), 20th (t20), and 30th (t30) treatment fraction and at follow-up. Manual tumor contours were drawn on T2-weighted images by two expert neuroradiologists and then rigidly registered to DWI images. Median values of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), true diffusion (D), pseudo-diffusion (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) were extracted at all timepoints. Statistical analysis was performed using the pairwise Wilcoxon test. Results: Statistically significant differences from baseline to follow-up were found for ADC, D, and D* values, with a progressive increase in ADC and D in conjunction with a progressive decrease in D*. MRI during treatment showed statistically significant differences in D values between t0 and t20 (p = 0.03) and t0 and t30 (p = 0.02), and for ADC values between t0 and t20 (p = 0.04), t10 and t20 (p = 0.02), and t10 and t30 (p = 0.035). Subjects that showed a volume reduction greater than 15% of the baseline tumor size at follow-up showed early D changes, whereas ADC changes were not statistically significant. Conclusion: IVIM appears to be a useful tool for detecting early microstructural changes within meningiomas treated with proton therapy and may potentially be able to predict tumor response.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • DWI
  • IVIM
  • Meningioma
  • Oncology
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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