Intronic ATTTC repeat expansions in STARD7 in familial adult myoclonic epilepsy linked to chromosome 2: Nature Communications

MA Corbett, T Kroes, L Veneziano, MF Bennett, R Florian, AL Schneider, A Coppola, L Licchetta, S Franceschetti, A Suppa, A Wenger, D Mei, M Pendziwiat, S Kaya, M Delledonne, R Straussberg, L Xumerle, B Regan, D Crompton, AF van RootselaarA Correll, R Catford, F Bisulli, S Chakraborty, S Baldassari, P Tinuper, K Barton, S Carswell, M Smith, A Berardelli, R Carroll, A Gardner, KL Friend, I Blatt, M Iacomino, C Di Bonaventura, S Striano, J Buratti, B Keren, C Nava, S Forlani, G Rudolf, E Hirsch, E Leguern, P Labauge, S Balestrini, JW Sander, Z Afawi, I Helbig, H Ishiura, S Tsuji, SM Sisodiya, G Casari, LG Sadleir, R van Coller, MAJ Tijssen, KM Klein, AMJM van den Maagdenberg, F Zara, R Guerrini, SF Berkovic, T Pippucci, L Canafoglia, M Bahlo, P Striano, IE Scheffer, F Brancati, C Depienne, J Gecz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Familial Adult Myoclonic Epilepsy (FAME) is characterised by cortical myoclonic tremor usually from the second decade of life and overt myoclonic or generalised tonic-clonic seizures. Four independent loci have been implicated in FAME on chromosomes (chr) 2, 3, 5 and 8. Using whole genome sequencing and repeat primed PCR, we provide evidence that chr2-linked FAME (FAME2) is caused by an expansion of an ATTTC pentamer within the first intron of STARD7. The ATTTC expansions segregate in 158/158 individuals typically affected by FAME from 22 pedigrees including 16 previously reported families recruited worldwide. RNA sequencing from patient derived fibroblasts shows no accumulation of the AUUUU or AUUUC repeat sequences and STARD7 gene expression is not affected. These data, in combination with other genes bearing similar mutations that have been implicated in FAME, suggest ATTTC expansions may cause this disorder, irrespective of the genomic locus involved. © 2019, The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Communications
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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