Inulin-enriched pasta affects lipid profile and Lp(a) concentrations in Italian young healthy male volunteers

Francesco Russo, Guglielmina Chimienti, Giuseppe Riezzo, Gabriella Pepe, Giuseppe Petrosillo, Marisa Chiloiro, Emanuele Marconi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background Inulin has been suggested to have beneficial effects on lipids, especially on triglyceridemia. Few data are available about the effects of inulin on Lipoprotein(a), a low-density lipoprotein-like particle considered as an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. Adding inulin to pasta could be a preventive strategy for delaying the onset of atherosclerosis. Aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of inulin-enriched pasta on lipid profile and on Lipoprotein(a) in young healthy subjects. Methods Twenty-two young healthy male volunteers entered a randomized double blind cross-over study consisting of a 2-weeks run-in period, a baseline assessment, two 5-weeks study periods (11% inulin-enriched or control pasta), and an 8-weeks wash-out period in between. Serum lipid concentrations were evaluated by routine biochemical analyses and plasma Lipoprotein(a) concentrations by ELISA. The size of apolipoprotein(a) isoforms was determined by Western blot and immunodetection. Results Significant differences at baseline and in the treatment groups were found for HDL-cholesterol (P = 0.004), total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio (P = 0.006), triglycerides (P = 0.04), and Lipoprotein(a) (P = 0.02) concentrations (data analyzed by Friedman test). Dunn's multiple comparison test was used to assess the significance of differences between inulin-enriched pasta diet vs. baseline. HDL-cholesterol concentrations increased by 35.9%; total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio, triglycerides, and Lipoprotein(a) concentrations decreased by 22.2, 23.4, and 16.5% respectively. Conclusions Inulin-enriched pasta administration induced significant effects on lipid pattern parameters in young healthy volunteers, including a significant reduction in Lipoprotein(a) concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-459
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Blood lipids
  • Diet
  • Fiber
  • Inulin
  • Lipoprotein(a)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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