Introduction. During the past years invasive fungal infections (IFIs) have become an increasingly important problem in infants hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Candida species is the third most-common agent of late-onset infections in critically ill neonates, with an estimated incidence of 2.6-10% in very low birth weight and 5.5-20% in extremely low birth weight infants. The aim of this observational study is to evaluate the epidemiology of IFIs among infants admitted to NICUs of one Italian region by a multicenter surveillance (Aurora Project). Methods. The IFIs surveillance was carried out prospectively in Apulia (Southern Italy) between February 2007 and August 2008. This report focuses on the results from 6 enrolled NICUs. Results. Twenty-one neonates developed IFIs: the overall incidence was 1.3% and crude mortality was 23.8%. Infants weighing ≤ 1500 g (4.3%) showed a significantly higher incidence than those ≥ 2500 g (0.2%). C.parapsilosis (61.9%) was the most frequent isolated species. The main potential risk factors were having a central venous catheter placed, length of stay in NICU > 7 days and total parenteral nutrition for > 5 days. The (1,3)-β-D glucan (BDG), mannan antigens and anti-Candida antibodies' evaluation was performed in 7 neonates. All neonates were positive to the BDG; the mannan antigen result was positive in 5 newborns, the anti-mannan antibodies were always negative. All isolates were amphotericin B and fluconazole-susceptible. Discussion. This first prospective study on neonatal fungal infection in one Italian region gives evidence of a preponderance of non-albicans Candida spp and indicates potential utility of BDG as an adjunct diagnostic test.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2010|
- Fungal infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases