Investigation of Ni@CoO core-shell nanoparticle films synthesized by sequential layer deposition

M. C. Spadaro, P. Luches, F. Benedetti, S. Valeri, S. Turchini, G. Bertoni, A. M. Ferretti, E. Capetti, A. Ponti, S. D'Addato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Films of Ni@CoO core-shell nanoparticles (NP Ni core size d ≈11nm) have been grown on Si/SiOx and lacey carbon supports, by a sequential layer deposition method: a first layer of CoO was evaporated on the substrate, followed by the deposition of a layer of pre-formed, mass-selected Ni NPs, and finally an overlayer of CoO was added. The Ni NPs were formed by a magnetron gas aggregation source, and mass selected with a quadrupole mass filter. The morphology of the films was investigated with Scanning Electron Microscopy and Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy. The Ni NP cores have a shape compatible with McKay icosahedron, caused by multitwinning occurring during their growth in the source, and the Ni NP layer shows the typical random paving growth mode. After the deposition of the CoO overlayer, CoO islands are observed, gradually extending and tending to merge with each other, with the formation of shells that enclose the Ni NP cores. In situ X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy showed that a few Ni atomic layers localized at the core-shell interface are oxidized, hinting at the possibility of creating an intermediate NiO shell between Ni and CoO, depending on the deposition conditions. Finally, X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism at the Ni L2,3 absorption edge showed the presence of magnetization at room temperature even at remanence, revealing the possibility of magnetic stabilization of the NP film.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Surface Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Nov 5 2015

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Keywords

  • CoO
  • Core-shell nanoparticles
  • Electron microscopy
  • Ni
  • X-ray magnetic circular dichroism
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Spadaro, M. C., Luches, P., Benedetti, F., Valeri, S., Turchini, S., Bertoni, G., Ferretti, A. M., Capetti, E., Ponti, A., & D'Addato, S. (Accepted/In press). Investigation of Ni@CoO core-shell nanoparticle films synthesized by sequential layer deposition. Applied Surface Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.05.177