Investigation of the properties of acrylamide bifunctional monomers (cross-linkers) by capillary zone electrophoresis

Cecilia Gelfi, Angela Alloni, Patrizia de Besi, Pier Giorgio Righetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A series of cross-linkers [N,N′-methylenebisacrylamide (Bis), N,N′-(1,2-dihydroxyethylene)bisacrylamide (DHEBA), N,N′-diallyl- tartardiamide (DATD) and N,N′-bisacrylylcystamine (BAC)] were investigated as potential candidates of a novel class of polyacrylamide matrices, exhibiting high hydrophilicity, high resistance to hydrolysis and larger pore sizes than conventional polyacrylamide gels. The most hydrophilic cross-linker (DATD) exhibited first-order degradation kinetics in 0.1 M NaOH, suggesting that such a structure is electronically unstable, whereas the other cross-linkers displayed first-order kinetics. In addition, when used in highly cross-linked gels (for increasing pore size), DATD acts as an inhibitor of gel polymerization. Another interesting finding is an inverse relationship between the partition coefficient of such cross-linkers and the incorporation efficiency; the more hydrophobic members of the family exhibit a reduced conversion from monomer into polymer, which is more pronounced in highly cross-linked gels. When measuring the partition coefficient, DATD and DHEBA appear to be highly hydrophilic whereas BAC, owing to the two sulphur atoms in the molecule, appears to be extremely hydrophobic. The use of BAC in gels for protein separations should therefore be avoided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-348
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume608
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 11 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine

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