The role of different protein kinases in the process of T cell activation has been studied using several inhibitors. The model we adopted was the activation of PBMC by monoclonal antibody OKT3. The results obtained confirm that PKC and PTK are involved. Thus, the inhibitors H-7, staurosporine, and genistein exerted a dose-dependent inhibition of CD2 up-regulation, CD25 expression, IL-2 production, and cellular proliferation. On the other hand, our data indicate that PKA is not involved since the inhibitor HA1004 was ineffective. W-7, an inhibitor of Ca2+-CaM protein kinases, inhibited OKT3- induced modulation of cell-surface markers and PBMC proliferation, whereas a slight increase in IL-2 release was detected at the highest dose used (20 μM). Using the MLCK inhibitor ML-9, we extended our studies to the myosin light chain kinase, which influences the organization of the cytoskeleton. ML-9-inhibited PBMC activation in terms of modulation of cell-surface markers and proliferation but stimulated IL-2 production. Similar results were obtained using the cytoskeleton disruptors demecolcine and cytochalasin B. Taken together the data described herein indicate that T cell activation is a complex event in which, aside from classical signal transduction-associated kinases PKC and PTK, at least two other kinases, Ca2+-CaM kinases and MLCK, seem to be involved, the latter probably through correct assembly of the cytoskeleton.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology