Involvement of TRAIL/TRAIL-receptors in human intestinal cell differentiation

Erika Rimondi, Paola Secchiero, Andrea Quaroni, Carlotta Zerbinati, Silvano Capitani, Giorgio Zauli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite the fact that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) and its receptors (TRAIL-Rs) are expressed in intestinal mucosa, little is known about the biological roleof this system in intestinal cell physiology. The expression of surface TRAIL and TRAIL-R1, -R2, -R3, -R4 were examined by flow cytometry in the immortalized human cell line tsFHI under culture conditions promoting growth or growth arrest and expression of differentiated traits. A progressive increase of surface TRAIL expression paralleled tsFHI differentiation, consistently with immunohistochemistry analysis showing an increase of TRAIL immunostaining along the crypt-villus axis in normal jejuneal mucosa. In spite of the presence of TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 "death receptors," recombinant TRAIL was not cytotoxic for tsFHI cells. Exposure of tsFHI to recombinant TRAIL rather increased/ anticipated the expression levels of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27, which mediate the induction of growth arrest and the stabilization of differentiated traits, respectively, as well as of the canonical differentiation marker DPPIV. The differentiation inducing activity of TRAIL was abolished by pre-incubation with a Fc-TRAIL-R2 chimera. On the other hand, TRAIL did not significantly modulate the levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG), CXCL8/IL-8, CXCL9/MIG, and CXCL10/IP10 spontaneously released or induced by inflammatory cytokines. Taken together, these data suggest that TRAIL might act as a paracrine trophic cytokine on intestinal epithelium, promoting intestinal cell differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-654
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume206
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology

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