Iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy and iodine-123 ioflupane single photon emission computed tomography in lewy body diseases: Complementary or alternative techniques?

Giorgio Treglia, Ernesto Cason, Pietro Cortelli, Anna Gabellini, Rocco Liguori, Antonio Bagnato, Alessandro Giordano, Giorgio Fagioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare myocardial sympathetic imaging using 123I-Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy and striatal dopaminergic imaging using 123I-Ioflupane (FP-CIT) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with suspected Lewy body diseases (LBD). METHODS: Ninety-nine patients who performed both methods within 2 months for differential diagnosis between Parkinson's disease (PD) and other parkinsonism (n = 68) or between dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and other dementia (n = 31) were enrolled. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values of both methods were calculated. RESULTS: For 123I-MIBG scintigraphy, the overall sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values in LBD were 83%, 79%, 82%, 86%, and 76%, respectively. For 123I-FP-CIT SPECT, the overall sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values in LBD were 93%, 41%, 73%, 71%, and 80%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between these two methods in patients without LBD, but not in patients with LBD. CONCLUSIONS: LBD usually present both myocardial sympathetic and striatal dopaminergic impairments. 123I-FP-CIT SPECT presents high sensitivity in the diagnosis of LBD; 123I-MIBG scintigraphy may have a complementary role in differential diagnosis between PD and other parkinsonism. These scintigraphic methods showed similar diagnostic accuracy in differential diagnosis between DLB and other dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-154
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroimaging
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

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Keywords

  • Dementia with Lewy bodies
  • Ioflupane
  • Lewy body disease
  • Metaiodobenzylguanidine
  • Nuclear medicine
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Medicine(all)

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