Iodine-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy, computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography (US) were used to localize tumour lesions in 28 children with histologically proven neuroblastoma. Overall, a total of 73 lesions were detected on imaging studies. MIBG scintigraphy, CT and US localized 63 (86%), 49 (67%) and 36 (49%) of these lesions, respectively. The findings of the three imaging techniques were concordant in respect of only 31 (42%) of the lesions. The best agreement among MIBG scintigraphy, CT and US was observed for abdominal lesions (the techniques were concordant for 22 of 23 lesions, i.e. 96%). MIBG scintigraphy detected nine out of ten (90%) liver metastases, but agreement with CT and US was observed in only six instances (60%). The imaging findings were concordant in respect of only two (33%) out of six lymph node metastases; the MIBG scan was normal in the other four cases. Imaging agreement was observed for a lesion located in the pelvis. MIBG and CT findings were concordant in four lesions located in the chest, but US was not performed. MIBG scintigraphy depicted the majority (96%) of the skeletal lesions (23/24); CT showed five of these, but, again, US was not performed. The imaging findings were not concordant as regards the remaining five lesions located in different anatomical sites. The results indicated that MIBG imaging is more sensitive that CT and US in localizing the majority of neuroblastoma lesions. Since the metastatic spread of neuroblastoma is unpredictable, we recommend MIBG scintigraphy as the initial imaging modality for staging of these patients. US and, particularly, CT should be performed thereafter to clarify the anatomical detail of the lesions detected on MIBG scans, or when MIBG findings are normal or equivocal.
- Computed tomography
- Metaiodobenzylguanidine imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging