A 42-year-old woman underwent resection of a high-risk melanoma of the right thigh. Adjuvant treatment with ipilimumab was then started within a phase III randomised, double-blind clinical trial. F-FDG PET/CT scan showed intense uptake in mediastinal hilar lymph nodes, bilaterally, and in rectus abdominis muscle. Biopsy at the abdominal wall revealed a chronic granulomatous inflammation. After oral steroid treatment, all the areas of abnormal tracer uptake disappeared. Ipilimumab can induce inflammatory immunomediated reactions that should be taken into account to avoid misinterpretation.
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