Iron affects Ire1 clustering propensity and the amplitude of endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling

N Cohen, M Breker, A Bakunts, K Pesek, A Chas, J Argemí, A Orsi, L Gal, S Chuartzman, Y Wigelman, F Jonas, P Walter, R Ernst, T Aragón, E van Anken, M Schuldiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The unfolded protein response (UPR) allows cells to adjust secretory pathway capacity according to need. Ire1, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress sensor and central activator of the UPR is conserved from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to humans. Under ER stress conditions, Ire1 clusters into foci that enable optimal UPR activation. To discover factors that affect Ire1 clustering, we performed a high-content screen using a whole-genome yeast mutant library expressing Ire1-mCherry. We imaged the strains following UPR induction and found 154 strains that displayed alterations in Ire1 clustering. The hitswere enriched for iron and heme effectors and binding proteins. By performing pharmacological depletion and repletion, we confirmed that iron (Fe 3+ ) affects UPR activation in both yeast and human cells. We suggest that Ire1 clustering propensity depends on membrane composition, which is governed by hemedependent biosynthesis of sterols. Our findings highlight the diverse cellular functions that feed into the UPR and emphasize the cross-talk between organelles required to concertedly maintain homeostasis. © 2017.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3222-3233
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume130
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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