Iron overload mimicking conditions skews bone marrow dendritic cells differentiation into mhciilowcd11c+cd11b+f4/80+ cells

Giulio Verna, Marina Liso, Stefania De Santis, Manuela Dicarlo, Elisabetta Cavalcanti, Alberto Crovace, Annamaria Sila, Pietro Campiglia, Angelo Santino, Antonio Lippolis, Grazia Serino, Alessio Fasano, Marcello Chieppa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Iron overload is an undesired effect of frequent blood transfusions or genetic diseases. Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients become transfusion dependent, but due to the combination of ineffective haematopoiesis and repeated blood transfusions they are often subject to iron overload. In this study, we demonstrate that iron-overload mimicking condition alters bone marrow progenitor differentiation towards dendritic cells (DCs). Cells cultured in iron-enriched culture medium for seven days fail to differentiate into conventional CD11c+MHCIIhi DCs and fail to efficiently respond to LPS (Lipopolysaccharides). Cells appear smaller than control DCs but vital and able to perform FITC-dextran (Fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran) endocytosis. At molecular level, cells cultured in iron-enriched conditions show increased ARG1 and PU.1, and decreased IRF8 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1353
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2 2020


  • Bone marrow
  • Dendritic cells
  • Inflammation
  • Iron overload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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