Is a new sonic toothbrush more effective in plaque removal than a manual toothbrush?

D. Re, G. Augusti, D. Battaglia, A. B. Giannì, D. Augusti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: Powered or manual toothbrushes are dailyused instrument in the Western area for the control and removal of bacterial biofilm. Among poweredtoothbrushes, sonic technology has shown to produce fluid turbulent activity that might assist in plaque removal; however, limited knowledge is available invivo. The objectives of this study were to compare the plaque removal efficacy of two different toothbrushes in a population not familiar with sonic technology, and to collect and analyse data regarding oral hygiene habits. The null-hypothesis was that a sonic toothbrush is able to remove a superior amount of plaque compared to the manual type. Materials and methods: Forty young adult patients were enrolled in the study. A single-cohort crossover clinical trial was designed. For each patient, three appointments were scheduled: the first (T0) was used for oral care education and explanations of toothbrushes techniques, for a preliminary professional hygiene session, and for delivery of a questionnaire; at one week (T1), plaque evaluation was performed (Turesky modification of the Quigley and Hein index) at baseline and after asking patients to brush with the randomly selected manual or sonic device. At the last appointment (week 3, T2), the same plaque evaluations of T1 were repeated asking patients to brush with the other toothbrush. Entire mouth indexes were calculated and mean reductions in whole mouth plaque scores were obtained (pre-brushing minus post-brushing values) for the two tested toothbrushes. Multiple ANOVA tests (p=0.05) were used 1) to compare plaque levels between male and female subjects at baseline and post-brushing, regardless the type of toothbrush, and 2) to differentiate between mean reductions in whole mouth plaque scores according to the type of toothbrush (manual versus sonic). The study population was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis; potential relationships between socio-demographic variables and obtained plaque scores were evaluated (Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests). Results: Full-mouth plaque levels were reduced at post-brushing sessions, regardless the device, by approximately 62% (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Efficacy
  • In-vivo clinical trial
  • Oral habits
  • Plaque removal
  • Sonic toothbrush

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)


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